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~ Negara Kepulauan Terancam Musnah Akibat Pemanasan Global

Alpen Steel | Renewable Energy


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~ Negara Kepulauan Terancam Musnah Akibat Pemanasan Global


Negara Kepulauan Terancam Pemanasan Global

Negara Kepulauan Terancam Pemanasan Global
 
Negara kepulauan terancam musnah akibat pemanasan global karena efek gas rumah kaca. Demikian Ketua Dewan Nasional Perubahan Iklim Rachmat Witoelar menegaskan ancaman yang harus diwaspadai bersama.

"Negara-negara kepulauan akan celaka total, atau habis jika emisi gas karbondioksida atau gas rumah kaca tidak dikendalikan dalam waktu yang lebih cepat," katanya usai mengikuti konferensi ke-10 Asia Pacific Roundtable for Sustainable Consumption and Production (APRSCP) di Yogyakarta.

Ia mengatakan perubahan iklim yang berlangsung cepat mengancam keberadaan negara-negara kepulauan kecil yang tergabung dalam Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS). "Maladewa yang hanya memiliki sekitar 200 pulau, jika perubahan iklim akibat emisi gas rumah kaca berlangsung cepat, maka negara itu akan celaka," katanya.

Menurut dia, emisi gas rumah kaca yang berlangsung cepat menimbulkan kerusakan di bumi. Ia mengatakan negara-negara maju merupakan penyumbang terbesar emisi gas rumah kaca, karena mereka fokus pada pembangunan industri secara besar-besaran, tanpa memperhatikan keberadaan negara-negara berkembang.

"Industri mobil, dan pesawat terbang negara-negara maju menyebabkan gas emisi rumah kaca sangat banyak, sehingga mereka harus bertanggung jawab memikirkan kondisi negara kepulauan yang semakin kritis. Jika tidak dipikirkan secara bersama-sama, maka dunia akan semakin terpuruk akibat perubahan iklim," katanya.

Ia mengatakan negara-negara maju dalam berbagai kesempatan di berbagai forum internasional cenderung mementingkan perkembangan industrinya. "Mereka masih enggan mengurangi emisi gas rumah kaca yang dihasilkan industri," katanya.

Menurut dia, negara-negara maju belum berkomitmen menurunkan emisi gas rumah kaca sesuai ketentuan Protokol Kyoto atau Konvensi Rangka Kerja PBB tentang Perubahan Iklim (UNFCCC), yakni sebuah persetujuan internasional mengenai pemanasan global. Sesuai konvensi tersebut seluruh negara diharapkan mampu mengurangi emisi rumah kaca sebanyak 25 hingga 40 persen.

Ia mengatakan negara-negara maju yang memiliki pertumbuhan ekonomi yang baik hendaknya lebih memikirkan dampak dari emisi gas rumah kaca. "Negara-negara maju hendaknya melakukan hal-hal yang lebih besar untuk mengurangi pemanasan global," katanya.

Sumber : National Geografhic.co.id


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